TRICHOBACTERIOSIS, ERYTHRASMA AND PITTED KERATOLYSIS – THE SPECTRUM OF NON-DIPHTHEROID CORYNEBACTERIA

Uwe Wolina, Uta-Christina Hipler, Pietro Nenoff

Abstract


The genus Corynebacteria or Diphtheroids are aerobic, non-sporulating, pleomorphic Gram-positive and catalase-positive bacilli. Corynebacteria are a usual part of the human microbiome, but they may cause characteristic skin diseases. Corynebacterium minutissimum was first isolated from erythrasma, but it is also involved in pitted keratolysis.The dominant species in trichobacteriosis (syn. trichomycosis) is C. tenuis. Diagnosis, differential diagnoses and treatment options are discussed in this review. 


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